Improving the abrasive resistance of a slide frame in a mortar mixer
A method has been proposed for machining the outer and inner conical surfaces of the wrist pin and insert, which represent a sliding friction pair on the mortar mixer frame. The machining implies the application on the conical surface of parts, preliminary prepared through turning, of a wear-resistant material in the form of a hard alloyed nickel-based powder. It is applied with a special burner with a hopper-dispenser filled with powder. The result of mixing a combustible gas (acetylene and oxygen) in the burner with the powder from the hopper is melting. In the course of implementing a given technological process, by using mathematical modeling methods, we have determined the optimal mode parameters (PG10N-01 powder consumption is 33.5 g/min.; oxygen flow rate is 7.0 l/min; acetylene pressure is 0.043 MPa) for the gas-flame surfacing, which ensured maximum effect, that is, the greatest strength of adhesion (45 MPa) for the surfaced coating. The surfaced coating quality was checked by using a pin method for determining the adhesion strength between the new coating and the base on a tensile testing machine. A series of experimental studies into the enhancement of abrasive resistance of a sliding frame, namely a comparison of the suкfaced coating with other well-known wear-resistant materials such as steel ShKh15, KhVG, were carried out at a specially designed experimental bench. Its structure is based on a vertically drilling desktop machine adjusted to the conditions of a working process that occurs inside the body of a mortar mixer. These include an abrasive medium, and the radial and axial efforts. To determine the axial load on a frame, we have proposed a structure of the hydraulic device, which includes a pressure gauge, a piston, a sleeve, and a ball. The axial load has been found for the most unfavorable conditions of mixer operation. Its value was implemented at an experimental wear bench. In addition, we have performed a series of experimental studies to determine an optimum angle of the cone at the apex of the wrist pin and insert in a conical slide frame for the minimal wear. Using the proposed technique of a gas-flame surfacing could significantly improve the abrasive and corrosion resistance of a slide frame, thereby prolonging the lifespan of a mortar mixer in general, as well as the overhaul cycle for equipment designed to prepare soluble mixtures used for construction.
gas-flame surfacing, abrasive wear