Energy crops: the link between education and science

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Gorb, O. O.
Kostenko, O. M.
Kulyk, M. I.
Yasnolob, I. O.
Kalinichenko, A. V.
Горб, Олег Олександрович
Костенко, Олена Михайлівна
Кулик, Максим Іванович
Яснолоб, Ілона Олександрівна
Калініченко, Антоніна Володимирівна
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University of Opole, Opole 2018
Involving in energy balance of agriculture industry biological kinds of fuel as renewable resources of accumulated solar energy is one of the critical tasks at present. But, use of energy biomass potential is restricted by agro-industrial technologies to obtain energy and appropriate equipment and technical means absence that would be adapted to functioning conditions and the lack of specialists in this field. Within 10 years of fruitful scientific work we a great deal of information has been compiled, theoretical material and results of researches of energy crops have been summarized and trained students. The basis of theoretical researches was detailed and substantial review of literature references, materials of domestic and foreign scientific publications as well as corresponding practical recommendations and methods. We applied both general scientific methods (dialectics, analysis and synthesis) and special ones for analytical review of literature. It is determined that energy crops are adapted to growing conditions throughout the territory of Ukraine. Also it has been established that management of cultivation, harvesting and storage of energy crop biomass requires improvement and scientific substantiation in the conditions of our country. Environmental issues of energy plantations and carbon circulation require further more complicated study. These problems solving will allow obtaining plant raw material to produce biofuel annually for a long period of time which requires the work of the relevant specialists. That is why, the problem of professional training of the future specialists, forming of social and labour potentiality is paid considerable attention at present. It has been established that education is a branch of social sphere in which stable development of modern activity should be considered as a process of human potential reproduction on the broadened and innovative basis. A poor teachers’ motivation for doing innovative activity results in insufficient application of innovation technologies in the teaching process at higher educational establishment. Furthermore, innovative activity involves stable development of teacher’s creativity as well as changes of activity methods, styles of thinking and information competency formation. Application of the proposed model in the teaching process enables to optimize mastering of theoretical and practical components of the disciplines of natural sciences on the basis of innovative component. Besides, this increases effectiveness of students’ independent work while doing research work together with postgraduates and teachers. It’s help students of agronomic profile to gain new, modern knowledge and become more competitive at the employment market.
The monograph contains peer - reviewed texts in Polish and English
Education, teaching process, science, energy crops, energy potential